ABOUT THE PYRAMID OF GIZA
- the pyramids date from the beginning of the old state to the fourth century A.D. Were built during the Ptolemaic Empire in D.C. The construction of the pyramid building began with the latter part of the third dynasty and continued until about the sixth (c. 2325 B.C.). More than 4,000 years later, the Egyptian pyramids still provide a glimpse of the country’s rich and glorious past while still retaining its grandeur.
- Although The Egyptian Pyramid, built during the time when Egypt was one of the richest and most powerful civilizations in the world, is one of the most spectacular man-made structures in history – particularly the Great Pyramid of Giza. Egyptian pyramids were built to bury the dead bodies of erstwhile kings.
- During the Third and Fourth Dynasties of the Old Kingdom, Egypt enjoyed tremendous economic prosperity and stability. The kings held a unique position in Egyptian society between human and divine, it was believed that they were chosen by the gods to serve among the people living on earth.
- Because of this, the king’s glory would remain intact even after the king’s death. When kings died, food, clothing, jewelry, utensils and weapons were also buried with them. The smooth angular sides of the pyramid symbolize the rays of the sun and were designed to aid the king’s soul ascend to heaven and join the gods, especially the Sun God.
- Ancient Egyptians believed that when the king died, part of his soul (called “ka”) remained with his body. The ancient Egyptians believed that the things buried with them after dying would later serve them.
- In this way the pyramid became a focal point of the dead kings, who believed that the things buried along would be useful after their death, their wealth was not only for them but also for their relatives, officials and priests who were around them. Were buried.
- From the beginning of the dynasty era (2950 B.C.) the royal tombs were carved into the rock and secured with a flat-roofed rectangular structure known as “Mastaba”. Who were pioneer pyramids.
- The oldest known pyramid in Egypt was 2630 B.C. Was built around In Sakkara, known as the other pyramids for the third dynasty king Djoesser, it began as a traditional Mastaba.
- One story tells that the architect of the pyramid was Imhotep, a priest and physician, who became the patron saint of writers and physicians there 1,400 years later. During Dajoser’s nearly 20-year reign, pyramid builders collected stone, six-step layers (which were clay-brick, like earlier tombs), which eventually reached a height of 204 feet (62 m). ; It was the tallest building of its time.
- The other pyramids were surrounded by a complex courtyards, temples, where the Dajoser enjoyed his life time. After Dajoser, other pyramids became the model for royal burial. A “true” of the first tomb, it was in the Red Pyramid Dahshur built as a pyramid, one of three burial structures built for the first king of the fourth dynasty. It was known as the color of limestone for the construction of pyramids.
- The Pyramids of Giza are the oldest and largest, known as the Great Pyramids, the only surviving structure of the famous seven wonders of the ancient world. It was built for Khufu (Chapes, in Greek), successor to Saneferu and eight kings of the Fourth Dynasty.
- Although Khufu reigned for 23 years (2589–2566 B.C.), the pyramids are known for their rule beyond their grandeur. The base of the pyramid averaged 755.75 ft (230 m), and its original height was 481.4 ft (147 m), making it the largest pyramid in the world.
- Three small pyramids built for the queen of Khufu stand next to the larger pyramid, and a mausoleum was found nearby in which her mother, Queen Hatepheres, is buried. Like other pyramids, Khufu is surrounded by rows of masts, where relatives or kings of the king were buried to accompany and assist them in their further life.
- The Middle Pyramid at Giza was built for Khufu’s son Khafre (2558-2532 B.C.). A unique feature built inside the pyramid complex of Khafre was a statue of a mystery man, a guardian, built in limestone with the head of a noose man and the body of a lion. It was the largest statue in the ancient world, which was 240 feet long and 66 feet high.
- In the 18th Dynasty (c. 1500 B.C.), the great mystical idol was worshiped, as it was the image of a local form of the deity, where is it when Napoleon invaded Giza when he shot his nose with a cannon? Was blown away.
- The southern pyramid at Giza was built for Khafre’s son Menkaur (2532–2503 B.C.). It is the smallest of the three pyramids (218 ft) and is a precursor to the smaller pyramids built during the Fifth and Sixth Dynasties.
- About 23 lakh pieces of cut stone (about 2.5 tons), and transportation were used to build the Great Pyramid of Khufu. The ancient Greek history car Herodotus wrote that its construction took 100,000 years of labor and 20 years to build, but later archaeological evidence suggests that the workforce could be around 20,000.
- However in some popular versions of history, it was believed that the pyramids were built by slaves. These workers were probably Egyptian agricultural laborers. When the Nile flooded, they were working on the pyramid at that time, and thus they drowned in water.
- Pyramids continued to be built throughout the Fifth and Sixth Dynasties, but gradually declined with the power and wealth of kings over the period of general quality and scale of their construction. In the later Old Pyramids, the workers in the pyramids, beginning with King Unas (2375–2345 B.C.), began writing the events of the king’s reign on the walls of the burial chamber and the rest of the pyramid. Known as pyramid texts, it is one of the oldest religious creations known from ancient Egypt.
- The last to build the Great Pyramid was Pepi II (2278–2184 B.C.), the second king of the sixth dynasty who came to power as a young boy and ruled for 94 years. At the time of his reign, the prosperity of the Old Kingdom was decreasing, and the Pharaohs (people belonging to the caste or religion or class of the ancient Egyptian kings) were also losing some of their semi-divine status, as did the non-royal administrative officials. The powers were increasing.
The pyramid of Pekki II was built at Sacra and it took him about 30 years of his reign to build it, much lower (172 ft) in height than the old kingdoms. With the death of Pepi, the state and strong central government almost collapsed, and Egypt first entered a turbulent phase as an intermediate period. Later the kings of the 12th dynasty returned to the pyramid building during the phase of the so-called Middle Kingdom.
NOTE:– All the information provided in this article is based on the research on the internet and from different websites.