- Petra, located in the province of Ma’an Governorate of Jordan, is a treasure of the world’s ancient history. This city is an indicator of an advanced human civilization, which shows that even in ancient times people had advanced technology and knowledge. It is an ancient and interesting city nestled within the rugged mountains of Jabal al-Madbah, which the world is currently attracting tourists for its majestic and ancient site.
- Many powerful empires had risen in ancient world history, one of which was the Nabatean Empire, which ruled the city of Petra for many years. Around 6th century BC Petra was developed by the Nabatean Empire into an influential economic and political capital.
- Petra was the most developed and economically strong country in the ancient world, far superior to any empire. The Roman Empire began to expand in about 106 AD, after which the Roman Empire occupied Petra in about 106 AD and the Romans continued to expand the city.
- An important center for trade and commerce, Petra continued to develop until a devastating earthquake destroyed the buildings, and the Muslims conquered Petra in the 6th century AD, but it held onto it for much longer Could not control.
- After this, when the Muslim Sultan Saladin of the Middle East conquered Petra in 1189 AD, the Christians abandoned that place. The first real excavation of this place was done in 1929 AD after the formation of Trans-Jordan.
- Since 1989, the place has become the largest tourist attraction in Jordan.
- It is believed that the city was founded around 312 BC. It is one of the oldest cities in the world. The city is said to be in the first century BC. Between 20,000 and 30,000 people have been inhabited since the first century CE, which was used as an important trading town. The civilization of this city is one of the largest civilizations in the world, covering about 264 square kilometers. It is spread over an area of about 810 meters and its height from the sea level.
The city is believed to have been the epicenter of a severe earthquake between the first century BCE to the 8th century AD, which was severely damaged by an earthquake in the year 363 AD, destroying half of the city due to this earthquake.
- In 1812 AD, a Swiss explorer “Johann Ludwig Burckhardt” discovered this historic city and addressed it as ‘Lost City’ (Lost City) as it was an unknown metropolis for almost 5 centuries.
- A Scottish painter “David Roberts” visited the ancient city in the year 1893 and returned to England carrying pictures and stories of encounters with the local tribes of Petra. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in the year 1985 for the history, advanced civilization and artwork of this ancient city.
- This amazing city was included in the list of new seven wonders of the world in the year 2007 due to its structure and attractiveness. In 2016, some archaeologists discovered a large and unknown giant structure buried under the sands of Petra using satellite imagery. An advanced drainage system was developed in this wonderful ancient city, which was destroyed due to a terrible earthquake that occurred in about 363 AD.
The name Petra comes from a Greek word ‘petros’ which means “rock”. It is also known as Al-Batra in Arabic. This famous historical city was ruled for many years by the skilled rulers of the Nabataean Empire, who were skilled water collectors.
The city is also called the “Rose City” (Pink City) due to its rock color, which appears to be similar to the red-pink color at sunrise and sunset.
NOTE:– All the information provided in this article is based on the research on the internet and from different websites.