In this article of history pedia we will discuss about one of the greatest personality on earth Nelson mandela. Enjoy this knowledge…..
EARLY LIFE OF NELSON MANDELA
- Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in Gwenzo, Eastern Cape, South Africa to Gedla Henry Mphakeniswa and his third wife, Nekufi Noskeni. He was the first of his mother Noskanei and the third of 13 brothers among all the father’s children. Mandela’s father, Henry Muezzo, was a tribal chieftain of the town. In the local language, Sardar’s son was called Mandela, from which he received his surname.
- His father gave him the first name ‘Rolihla’, which in search means “rowdy”. His mother was a Methodist. Mandela completed his primary education at Clarkberry Missionary School. His subsequent schooling was from the Methodist Missionary School. His father died when Mandela was 12 years old.
- Mandela had three weddings that led to his six children. He was survived by 17 grandchildren. In October 1944, he married Evelyn Mess, sister of his friend and colleague Walter Sisulu. Mandela was tried for treason in 1961 but was found innocent by the court. During this trial, he met his second wife Nomjamo Winnie Medikizala. On his 80th birthday in 1998, he married Grace Meckle.
- Nelson established a law firm in 1952 to pursue legal action. Nelson was banned because of his growing popularity. He was sent out of Johannesburg on charges of class discrimination. They were banned from attending any meeting. Nelson and Oliver formulated an M plan to avoid the government’s repression cycle. M meant Mandela. It was decided that the Congress should be broken into pieces and should work underground as per the circumstances. Despite the ban, Nelson moved to Cliptown and began attending congressional functions there. He worked there with all those organizations who were fighting for the freedom of blacks.
- Nelson’s base was growing due to the government’s repression cycle. The apartheid government was making every effort to break the movement. Some such laws were passed which were not in the interest of blacks. Nelson opposed these laws. During the protest demonstration, police opened fire on the protesters in the town of Sharpeville. About 180 people died. Nelson’s faith in non-violence arose from this brutal repression cycle of government. Seeing the culmination of the atrocities, the ANC decided to bring arms off.
- The ANC’s team was named ‘Spear of the Nation’ and Nelson was made its president. The government wanted to end this organization and arrest Nelson. In order to escape from this, Nelson went out of the country and started demanding his basic rights in Addis Ababa. After that he went to Algeria where he trained gorilla technique. After this Mandela moved to London where he again met ‘Oliver Tombo’. Together with opposition parties in London, he tried to explain his point to the whole world.
ACHIEVEMENTS OF NELSON MANDELA
- In 1943, he first joined the African National Congress as an activist and then became the founder of ANC Youth League. In 1944, he married a woman named Evelis Mess and three children were born but they divorced in 1957. After this Nelson Mandela passed the law and along with his partner Oliver Tombo started practicing in Johannesburg. Together, they both raised their voices against apartheid. For this reason, in 1956, 155 activists were prosecuted, which was abolished after four years.
- In 1958, he married another woman named Madikizela who played an important role in getting Nelson Mandela out of jail. In 1960, the ANC was banned, forcing Nelson Mandela to go underground. Now he launched a campaign for the country’s economy. Due to this, he was accused of violent action and was arrested. Now he expressed ideas about democracy, freedom and equality in defense of himself. In 1964, he was sentenced to life imprisonment.
- The people of South Africa widely regarded Mandela as the “Father of the Nation”. He was seen as the “first founder of democracy”, “national liberator and savior”. In 2004, a statue of Mandela was installed at the Sandton Square Shopping Center in Johannesburg and the center was renamed Nelson Mandela Square. In South Africa, they are often called Madi Baqah, which is an honorific word for the elderly.
- In November 2009, the United Nations General Assembly declared his birthday (18 July) as ‘Mandela Day’ in recognition of his contribution to the anti-apartheid struggle. To commemorate Mandela’s association with this movement for 67 years, people were requested to donate 67 minutes out of 24 hours a day to help others. Mandela has been awarded more than 250 honors and awards by various countries and institutions of the world.
- On 5 August 1962, he was arrested for inciting the workers to strike and leaving the country without permission. He was tried and on 12 July 1964 he was sentenced to life imprisonment. He was sent to the prison of Robben Island for punishment, but the punishment did not diminish his enthusiasm. He also started mobilizing black prisoners in jail. He was finally released on 11 February 1990 after spending 27 years in prison. After the release, he laid the foundation for a democratic and multi-ethnic Africa by a policy of compromise and peace.
He created a new South Africa after an agreement with the white government in 1990. He became a symbol of opposing apartheid in South Africa and all over the world. The United Nations decided to celebrate his birthday as Nelson Mandela International Day. In 1990 India honored him with the country’s highest award Bharat Ratna. Mandela is the first foreigner to receive the Bharat Ratna. On 10 May 1994, Mandela became the first black president of his country. In November 2009, the United Nations General Assembly awarded him ‘Mandela Day’ on his birthday (18 July) in recognition of his contribution to the anti-apartheid struggle. Declared.
DEATH OF NELSON MANDELA
- Nelson Mandela, the first black president of South Africa, died on 5 December 2013 at his home in Haughton, Johannesburg, due to a lung infection. His death was first announced by President Jacob Zuma.
AWARDS OF NELSON MANDELA
- In 2004, a statue of Mandela was installed at the Sandton Square Shopping Center in Johannesburg, after which the center was renamed Nelson Mandela Square. In South Africa, he was often called Madiba, which is an honorific word for the elderly.
- He was also jointly honored with the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993, along with former South African President Frederick Willem de Clarke. Mandela was also honored with many awards by various countries and institutions of the world, such as Bharat Ratna in 1990, Gandhi Peace Prize on 23 July 2008, Nishan-e-Pakistan, Order of Lenin, President’s Medal of Freedom etc.
SOME GREAT IDEAS OF NELSON MANDELA
- I hate racism a lot, I find it barbaric. Then whether it is coming from a black person or a white person.
- Especially when you celebrate victory and whenever good things happen, you should lead others from the back and keep them in the front line whenever there is danger. Then people will appreciate your leadership.
- Even if you have a disease, do not sit down and become depressed like a fool. Enjoy life to the fullest and challenge the disease you have suffered.
- If you talk to a man in a language that he understands, then it goes to his mind. If you talk in her own language, then she lands in her heart.
- If you want to make peace with your enemy, then you have to work with your enemy. Then he will become your partner.
- It is foolish to turn off the heat when the water starts boiling.
NOTE:– All the information provided in this article is based on the research on the internet and from different websites.