- The founder of Buddhism is Lord Buddha. Lord Buddha to Gautama Buddha, Siddhartha And Also called Tathagata. Buddha’s father was Shuddhodana, the king of Kapilvastu and his mother’s name was Maharani Mahamaya Devi. Buddha’s wife’s name was Yashodhara and son’s name was Rahul.
- On the full moon of Vaishakh month Buddha was born in Lumbini, Nepal on 563 BC. On this day, in 528 BC, he came to know the truth in Bodh Gaya, India, and on this day he reached Nirvana (death) in Kushinagar, India at the age of 80 on 483 BC.
- When Mercury attained true realization, on the full moon day of Ashada in the same year, he reached Mrigdav (now Sarnath) near Kashi. At the same time, he gave the first sermon, in which he asked the people to take the middle path. The four Arya truths, namely, sorrow, its cause and its suggested eight-way path for redress. Emphasized non-violence. Condemned sacrifice, rituals and animal sacrifice.
ABOUT BAUDDHA RELIGION
- Mainly two sects of this religion are Hinayana and Mahayana. The full moon day of the month of Vaishakh is the main festival for Buddhists. There are four Buddhist pilgrimage sites – Lumbini, Bodh Gaya, Sarnath and Kushinagar. The scripture of Buddhism is called Tripitaka.
- Buddhism originated before Christianity and Islam. It is the third largest religion in the world after both the above religions. Most of the followers of this religion live in countries like China, Japan, Korea, Thailand, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and India.
- Buddhism can be expressed in two words – practice and awakening. Buddhism is the religion of atheists. Karma brings happiness and sorrow to life. Salvation is to be free from all karma chakras. The person should understand the four Aryan truths and say the practice of the Ashtanga Marg while liberating from Karma or adopting the middle path to attain enlightenment, this is the means of attaining salvation.
- The chief gurus of Buddha were- Guru Vishwamitra, Alara, Kalam, Uddaka Ramaputta etc. and prominent disciples were- Anand, Anirudha, Mahakashyap, Rani Khema , Mahaprajapati, Bhadrika, Bhrigu, Kimbal, Devadatta, Upali etc. Prominent preachers- Angulimal, Milind (Greek emperor), Emperor Ashoka, Xuan Tsang, Fa Xian, E Jing, He Cho etc.
- At the time of Lord Buddha there was no cult or sect of any kind, but after the Buddha’s nirvana, there were two divisions in the Second Buddhist Association due to differences among the monks. The first is called Hinayana and the second is Mahayana.
- Mahayana means big train or ferry and Hinayana means buggy or ferry. Hinayana is also called Theravada. Vajrayana was a third branch of Buddhism under Mahayana. Many Buddhist sects like Zen, Tao, Shinto etc. are also considered under the above two sects.
- The basic elements of Buddhism are the four Aryan truths, the astrological path, Pratyasamutpada, the silence of the Buddha on unrealized questions, the Buddha stories, non-selfhood and nirvana. Buddha gave his teachings in Pali language, which are compiled in Tripitaka.
- Tripitaka has three parts – Vinayapitaka, Sutpitaka and Abhidhammapitaka. There are huge series of sub-texts under the said Pitakas. The Dhammapada is one of the fifteen compositions of the Kudak body, one of the five parts of the Sutpitaka. Dhammapada is more popular.
FESTIVALS OF BAUDDHA RELIGION
- Buddha was born on the full moon day of the Shukla Paksha of Vaishakh month and on this day he attained enlightenment and on this day he left his body i.e. attained nirvana, hence Buddha Jayanti and Nirvana Day are celebrated on the said full moon day. Apart from this, the full moon day of Ashadh is also a major festival of Buddhists.
- Lumbini, Bodh Gaya, Sarnath and Kushinagar are the four major Buddhist pilgrimage sites where Buddhist followers from all over the world gather at the Buddhist festival. The Lumbini shrine is in Nepal. Bodhgaya is in Bihar, India. Sarnath is near Kashi in Uttar Pradesh, India. Kushinagar is a district near Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh.
NOTE:– All the information provided in this article is based on the research on the internet and from different websites.