KARGIL WAR 1999 AD
- The Kargil War, also known as Operation Vijay, is the armed conflict between India and Pakistan between May and July 1999 in Kargil district of Kashmir.
- Pakistan’s army and Kashmiri militants tried to seize India’s land by crossing the Line of Control between India and Pakistan. Pakistan claimed that all Kashmiris fighting were militants, but documents recovered in the war and statements from Pakistani leaders proved that Pakistan’s army was directly involved in the war.
- About 30,000 Indian soldiers and about 5,000 intruders were involved in this war. The Indian Army and Air Force attacked the occupied areas of Pakistan and gradually forced Pakistan to return across the border with international cooperation. This war took place on high altitude and the armies of both the countries had to face a lot of difficulty in fighting. This was the first armed conflict between India and Pakistan after the atomic bomb was built.
CAUSE OF WAR
- By the end of 1979, differences between former Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and Army Chief Jahangir Karamat had increased. After the retirement of Karamat, there was a debate on who should be made the army chief. Angered by Nawaz Sharif’s remarks at a general assembly, Karamat resigned as army chief. [Citation needed] Nawaz Sharif appointed General Pervez Musharraf as army chief.
START OF WAR
- By the way, Pakistan started this war only on 3 May 1999 when it infiltrated and captured the high mountains of Kargil with 5,000 soldiers. When the Indian government came to know about this, the army launched Operation Vijay to drive out the Pakistani soldiers.
- The Indian Air Force also used MiG-27 and MiG-29 against Pakistan. After this, bombs were dropped wherever Pakistan was captured. In addition, with the help of MiG-29, many bases in Pakistan were attacked with R-77 missiles.
- A large number of rockets and bombs were used in this war. During this time, about two lakh fifty thousand shells were fired. At the same time, more than 300 mortars, cannons and rockets were used to fire 5,000 bombs. One round per minute was fired every day during the 17 days of the war. It is said that after World War II, this was a war in which a large number of the enemy’s army was bombed.
- 3 May 1999: A shepherd informs the Indian Army to infiltrate and capture Pakistan Army in Kargil. May 5: When the Indian Army’s patrolling team reached Kargil to get information, the Pakistani army captured them and killed 5 of them. May 9: Indian Army’s ammunition store in Kargil was destroyed by Pakistanis shelling.
- May 10: For the first time Pakistani intruders were seen in Ladakh’s entrance i.e. Dras, Kaksar and Mushkoh sectors. May 26: Indian Air Force ordered to take action. May 27: Indian Air Force also used MiG-27 and MiG-29 against Pakistan in action and detained Flight Lieutenant Nachiket.
- On 26 July 1999, India won the Kargil War. This day is celebrated every year as Victory Day. The Kargil war that lasted for nearly two months is one such example of the courage and fervor of the Indian Army, which every countryman should be proud of. In this battle fought in Kargil at an altitude of about 18 thousand feet, the country had lost more than 527 brave warriors, while more than 1300 were injured.
- This war in Pakistan increased political and economic instability and Pervez Musharraf became President by removing Nawaz Sharif’s government. On the other hand, during this war in India, patriotism boiled and the economy of India got a lot of strength. The Indian government further increased the defense budget. Inspired by this war, several films were made, with LOC Kargil, Lakshya and Dhoop being the main ones.
NOTE:– All the information provided in this article is based on the research on the internet and from different websites.