ABOUT JAIN RELIGION
- The ‘Jains’ are those who are followers of ‘Jin’. The word ‘Jin’ is made from ‘Zi’ metal. ‘Zi’ means winning. ‘Jin’ means the winner. Those who have won their mind, won their speech and conquered their body are ‘Jin’. Jainism means ‘Jin’ religion of God. Dress-less body, pure vegetarian food and serene speech are the first identities of a Jain follower. Even other people of Jainism accept only pure vegetarian food and remain very conscious of their religion.
HOW OLD IS JAIN RELIGION
- Followers of Jainism believe that their religion is ‘eternal’  and eternal. Generally, there is a belief among the people that the origin of Jainism must have been in those ancient traditions, which were prevalent in this country before the arrival of the Aryans. But if seen even after the arrival of the Aryans, then Jainism’s tradition of Rishabhdev and Arishtanemi reaches the Vedas.
- The chief of this sect at the time of the Mahabharata war was Neminath, who is a recognized Tirthankara in Jainism. BC In the eighth century, the 23rd Tirthankara Parshwanath was born in Kashi (present-day Benares). The 11th Tirthankara Shreyansanath was born near Kashi. The name of Sarnath is prevalent in his name. The first organization of the Shramana sect in Jainism was done by Parshvanath. These Shramans were against the Vedic tradition.
- During the times of Mahavira and Buddha, these Shramans had become somewhat Buddhist and some Jain. These two formed their branches separately. Lord Mahavira was the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, who was born around BC. He died in 599 and committed murder at the age of 72. Mahavir Swami had greatly strengthened the foundation of Jainism before leaving his body. He established Ahimsa well in Jainism. Being victorious over worldliness, they were called ‘Jin’ (Jai). The name of this sect became ‘Jain’ from that time itself.
DIGAMBAR BRANCH OF JAINISM HAS THREE BRANCHES
- Temple hall
- Your right
PROPAGATION OF JAIN RELIGION
- In the first century CE, King Kharvel of Kalinga accepted Jainism. In the early centuries of Christ, Mathura in the north and Mysore in the south were very important centers of Jainism. From the fifth to the twelfth century, the Ganga, Kadamb, Chalukya and Rashtrakuta dynasties of the south provided great support and assistance in the propagation of Jainism.
- Many Jain poets had shelter and assistance under these kings. Around the eleventh century, King Siddharaj and his son Kumarapala of the Chalukya dynasty made Jainism a state religion and spread it widely in Gujarat. Apabhransh language was used before the practice of Hindi. Hemachandra, a poet, writer and scholar of Apabhransh language, belonged to this period. Hemchandra was in the court of King Kumarapala.
- In general, Jainism was of a peace-loving nature. That is why they were not tortured much during the Mughal period. According to the information received from literature and other accounts of that time, Akbar also helped the Jain followers a little. But gradually the monasteries of the Jains began to break down and disintegrate. Jainism is basically Indian religion. Apart from India, followers of Jainism are also found in East Africa.
- There are 24 Tirthankaras considered in Jainism, who are considered to be like God in this religion. The word ‘Tirthankara’ has great significance in Jainism. The meaning of ‘tirtha’ is – “Through which the world rises, crosses.” Jainism is the non-violence predominant religion. In it, those ‘Jinas’ and Mahatmas are called Tirthankaras, who practiced, preached and gave ‘wire’ to innumerable creatures from this world.
- These 24 Tirthankaras in their time addressed the people who were falling out of the Dharm Marg and planted it in the Dharm Marg. Due to this, he has been called ‘Tirthankara’, the pilgrim leader of Dharm Marg and Moksamarg. According to Jain theory, there is a virtuous karma nature called ‘Tirthankara’. With his rise, there are Tirthankaras and they teach. Acharya Vidyananda has clearly stated- “Without Tirthankaratwen Namna Northopadeshna”, it is not possible without Tirthankara-Punynamakarma.
THE 24 TIRTHANKARA IS AS FOLLOWS :-
THE FIRST TIRTHANKARA RISHABHA DEVA
- The first Tirthankara is Jain Rishabhdev. In Jain literature, they are also referred to by the names Prajapati, Adibrahma, Adinath, Brihadeva, Purudeva, Nabisunu and Taurus. In the Yugarambha, he taught the subjects to do agriculture , Masi , Asi , crafts, commerce and seva – these hetkarmas (biographies) for livelihood, hence they were called ‘Prajapati’ , ‘Hiranyagarbha’ , Vimalasuri- , due to the rain of Hiranya (Suvarna gems) on coming from the mother’s womb. The symbol of the bull in the soles of the right foot is ‘Ahabsha’, ‘Vrishabha’ from the promotion of religion, ‘Brihaddeva’ from the height of the body, and ‘Adinath’ from the first being Purudeva. ] And first of all, preaching Moksamarga is called ‘Adibrahma’ . Rishabhdev’s father’s name is Nabhiraya, he has also been called ‘Nabisunu’. His mother’s name was Marudevi.
- Rishabhdev Bhagwan was born in the city of Ayodhya in Koda Kodi year ago on the day of Chaitra Krishna Navami from the womb of Mother Marudevi. After assuming state power again for millions of years, he took the Jaineshwari initiation on the day of Chaitra Krishna Navami, it is found in the Jain scriptures. A birthday fair is organized every year on behalf of the Digambar Jain Samaj in his memory. The current president of the Ayodhya Digambar Jain Tirthakshetra Committee is Swasti Sri Karmayogi Peethadhish Ravindrakirti Swami Ji – Jambudweep, Hastinapur. Under his leadership, devotees of Jain society from all over the country reach Ayodhya to participate in the fair. There is a mastakabhishek – rath yatra – gathering etc. of Lord Rishabhdev.
Vardhman Mahavir or Mahavir was the 24th Tirthankara in the tradition of Lord Rishabhanath , the originator of Jainism. Their lifespan is believed to be from 599 BC, to 527 BC. Vardhman Mahavira was born in a royal family as a Kshatriya prince. His father’s name was King Siddhartha and mother’s name was Priyakarini. He was born in the Vaishali state of ancient India, now in Bihar province. The birthday of Vardhman Mahavir is celebrated as Mahavir Jayanti all over India. According to Digambar Jain Agam texts, Lord Mahavir was born to Chaitra Krishna Trayodashi from the womb of Queen Trishala of Maharaja Siddharth in Kundalpur city of Bihar province. That Kundalpur is presently located in Nalanda district.
The 24 Tirthankaras of Jainism in their own time addressed the people who were getting blessed by the Dharm Marg and put it on the Dharm Marg. With this, he has been called the ‘Leader of the Dharma Marg-Moksha Marg’ and ‘Teerth Pravartak’ meaning ‘Tirthankara’. According to Jain doctrine, there is a virtuous, expansive karma nature called ‘Tirthankara’. With his rise, there are Tirthankaras and they teach.
NOTE:– All the information provided in this article is based on the research on the internet and from different websites.