BIOGRAPHY OF KING MIHIRKUL (MIHIRAKULA)

 

 

 

In this article of history pedia we will discuss about one of the great ruler name is “Mihirkul”. So let’s discuss about this interesting topic.

ABOUT MIHIRKUL

 

  • In the middle, around 750 AD, Hun was the ruler of Gandhara region, when he conquered the entire Indus Valley region. After some time, he also conquered the areas of Marwar and western Rajasthan. Around 995 AD, the Huns snatched Eastern Malwa from the Guptas under the leadership of Toraman. This is confirmed by the inscription found on the Varaha idol in Eran, Sagar district. According to Jain text Kuvayamal, Taramana ruled India from the city of Pavayya situated on the banks of Chandrabhaga river. This Powaiya city was located near Gwalior.
  • After Toraman, his son Mihirkul became the king of the Huns. All the conquests of Mihirkul Toraman were always with him. A record of the fifteenth year of his reign is obtained from a Sun Temple in Gwalior. In this way, the Huns had strengthened their position in the Malwa region. He completed the conquest of North India and also took cover of the Guptas.
  • Mihirkul made Sialkot in Punjab his capital. Mihikul Hun was a staunch Shaiva. He built thousands of Shiva temples during his reign. According to the Mandsaur inscription, he did not bow his head to anyone other than Lord Stashm (Shiva) before the war with Yashodharman. Mihirkul also called himself a Shiva devotee in the Gwalior inscription. On the coins of Mihirkul, Jayatu Vris is written which means – Jai Nandi Vrish is the ride of Shiva whose mythical name is Nandi.
  • A Greek named Kasmos Indikplastes traveled to India at the time of Mihirkul, he wrote in his book titled “Christchin Topography” that the Huns live in the northern mountainous regions of India, their king Mihirkul with a huge cavalry and at least two thousand He walks with elephants, he is the lord of India.
  • Nearly a hundred years after Mihirkul, the Chinese Buddhist pilgrim Hensang came to India in 629 CE, he writes in his book “Si-yu-ki” that hundreds of years ago there used to be a king named Mihirkul who ruled India from Sialkot. | He says that Mihirkul was naturally talented and brave.
  • Hensang states that Mihirkul caused great harm to Buddhism in India. He says that once Mihirkul expressed the desire of Buddhist monks to know about Buddhism. But the Buddhist monks insulted him, instead of sending a senior Buddhist monk to him, he sent a servant as a Buddhist Guru.
  • When Mihirkul came to know about this, he became enraged and he issued a decree for the destruction of Buddhism. He broke all the Buddhist monasteries of North India and made the monks slaughtered. According to Hensang, Mihirkul erased the names of Buddhists from North India.
  • Due to the rebellion of Mihirkul’s brother in the Gandhara region, the kingdom of North India passed from his hand and went into the hands of his rebellious brother. But he soon became the king of Kashmir. Kalhan has written the history of Kashmir in the twelfth century book titled “Rajatarangini”. He has portrayed Mihirkul as a powerful conqueror.
  • He says that Mihirkul was the second name of death, he used to rejoice from the loud voice of an elephant falling from the mountain. According to him, Mihirkul had conquered the areas from Himalayas to Lanka. He established a city called Mihirpur in Kashmir. According to Kalhan, Mihirkul built a magnificent Shiva temple named Mihireshwar near Srinagar in Kashmir. He donated Aghar (village) to 400 Brahmins in Gandhara area. Kalhan presents Mihirkul Hun as a Shiva devotee, a supporter of Brahmins.
  • Not only Mihirkul but all Hun Shiva devotees. The temple of Mahasu Devta (Mahadev) located at Hanol, Jaunsar-Bawar, Uttarakhand is a splendid specimen of Hoon architecture style, it is said to have been built by Hun Bhat. It is notable here that Bhat means warrior.
  • Jai Ghosh of Har Har Mahadev also seems to be associated with Hunas, because the southern branch of Hunas was called Hara-Hun, probably Hara / Hada gotra originated from Hara-Hun. Due to the supremacy of the Hada people, the Kota-Bundi area is known as Hadauti.
  • Even today there are many villages of Gurjars of Huno gotra in this area. It is notable here that the famous historian V.A. Smith, William Crook, etc. have considered Gurjars as related to white Huns. Historians Campbell and DR. Bhandarkar attributes the origin of the Gurjars to the Khazar branch of the White Huns. Rameshwar Mahadev, Bhimalat and Jhur Mahadev are the famous Shiva temples built by Mahadev Hunas in Bundi area.
  • Bijolia, located near Chittorgarh, Mainal was once the capital of Hun king Angatsi, where the Huns built the temple of Tilaswa Mahadev. This temple still attracts tourists and devotees. According to Colonel Tad, the famous Shiva temple located at Badoli, Kota was built by Hunaraja of Panwar / Parmar dynasty.

 

WINNING OF INDIA

 

  • By the way, the victory campaign of the Huns in India had started under the rule of Tauraman. But Mihirkul gave him real fast. He succeeded in winning many states of India including Kashmir, making his violent tendencies his weapon. It is believed that after Emperor Ashoka and King Vikramaditya, he became the ruling ruler of unbroken India.
  • Mihirkul was so stunned by his victory campaign that he also attacked Nalanda University, the oldest and most valuable heritage of the country. Mihirkul did this attack during the time of Skandagupta. However, after the reign of Mihirkul, the descendants of Skandagupta got the Nalanda University rebuilt.

 

BALADITYA DEFEAT MIHIRKUL

 

  • Mihirkul had raised his terror all around. He felt that no one could stand in front of him. Whereas, this was his biggest misunderstanding. He was rapidly moving towards his end. Due to the deceit made by his brother in 533 AD, he faced defeat in front of King Yashodharman in the west.
  • Not only this, he had to leave his kingdom. This defeat could not be digested. He sought to establish his new state in the east around Patna by gathering his military powers. He found it very easy work… which was not!
  • King Baladitya drove him from there. Forcing Mihirkul to spend his remaining life in hiding. It is believed that he had moved towards Kashmir in his late times. After this, no one heard his name. It is said that due to the defeat in the past, he was badly broken. Later defeat only led to his death.

MIHIRKUL WAS A BELIEVER AND WORSHIPER  IN LORD SHIVA

 

  • Mihirkul was not of any religion or caste, his descendants also came from Central Asia. Whatever religion the Hun community gained contact with, they became followers of the same. Despite this it is believed that Mihirkul was a staunch Shiva devotee, evidence of which has also been found.
  • According to the Mandsor inscription, before the battle with Yashodharman, his head was not bowed to anyone other than Lord Shiva. On the coins which run in his time, ‘Jai Nandi’ ie ‘Jai Nandi’ is written. At the same time, he is credited for the construction of many Shiva temples in India, including the Mahereshwar temple in Kashmir.
  • But it is a pity that he never treated people humanely. He had only one goal, victory! For this, he had to lay many corpses, he did not miss laying! His violent instincts brought him into the ranks of the cruel ruler.

 

NOTE:– All the information provided in this article is based on the research on the internet and from different websites.

 

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