- Born on 15 October 1542, Akbar, after the untimely death of his father Emperor Humayun, became Emperor of India at the age of just 14. Across India, Akbar is remembered for expanding and enriching the Mughal Empire with an inclusive leadership style.
- Akbar or Abul-Fatah Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar or Emperor Akbar-e-Azam was the third Mughal emperor, noted for his liberal faith and excellent administration. It was only during the reign of Akbar that art and culture were at a height. In addition, during his reign, the Mughal Empire extended to Afghanistan, the Indus, Bengal and the Godavari River.
- Akbar’s views were very liberal and he respected each religion and he also supported him to develop all religions. Their aim was to have all religions organized. For this, he harmonized a religion called “Deen-e-Ilahi” i.e. faith on all religions. It was based on the principles of various religions such as Islam, Hinduism and Zoroastrianism. But this concept was abolished due to its impractical nature. Akbar never forced non-Muslims to adopt the religion of Islam, and Akbar also abolished the jizya tax imposed on non-Muslims.
- Akbar was the only king who had nine virtuous courtiers (nine gems) in his court. These nine highly intelligent courtiers were quite skilled in their respective regions. These Navaratnas helped the king to expand his kingdom. Birbal was the most intelligent of these Navratnas and was noted for his sharp intelligence and quick-witted ability.
- Everyone is familiar with the stories of Akbar-Birbal. The great singer Tansen was also one of his Navratnas in Akbar’s court. Others were Navratna, Abul Fazl (author of Akbar Nama), Faizi (poet), Raja Todarmal (finance minister), Raja Man Singh (Akbar’s confidant general), Abdul Rahim Khan-e-Khana, Fakir Ajion-Din and Mullah were two piazzas .
- Akbar’s marriage to more than 30 women belonging to different religions is a part of his strategic development. The most notable of Akbar’s wives was Jodha Bai, a Hindu Rajput princess from birth. He greatly assisted Akbar with his administrative functions. Akbar also married the princesses of Bikaner and Jaisalmer. At that time his brother and father were members of his court.
- Akbar was a great administrator and in 1574 he revised a tax system. In this, Akbar divided the revenue collection from the military administration. There were different tax collectors to collect property tax, after which this tax was sent to the capital. He created the property tax collection method based on measurements, which used to be more or less like the present-day income tax. To achieve this, the cultivable land of farmers was first measured and then tax was determined based on the same measurement. Rates were drastically reduced when there was less production.
- Many coins were invented by Akbar in the coin system. The coins, both square and circular, were made of gold and silver.
- Akbar was not a poet like Humayun or Babur, but he was highly praised for art and culture. He laid great emphasis on the Mughal style of architecture during his reign, which included collective elements of Hindu, Islamic and Persian design. Fatehpur Sikri, Buland Darwaza, Agra Fort, Lahore Fort and Ajmer Fort and some other buildings were also built during his reign.
- The fort walls of Agra Fort Palace, Diwan e-Khas (House of Private Audience Building), Jodha Bai’s Palace, Birbal’s abode, reflect the architectural style of the time. The huge mosque of Fatehpur Sikri, Jama Masjid and the city is one of the most impressive buildings built during the reign of Akbar.
DEATH OF AKBAR THE GREAT
On 3 October 1605, Akbar suffered from dysentery, after which he never recovered, due to which he died on 27 October 1605.
NOTE:– All the information provided in this article is based on the research on the internet and from different websites.