- Petra, located in the province of Ma’an Governorate of Jordan, is a treasure of the world’s ancient history. This city is an indicator of an advanced human civilization, which shows that even in ancient times people had advanced technology and knowledge. It is an ancient and interesting city nestled within the rugged mountains of Jabal al-Madbah, which the world is currently attracting tourists for its majestic and ancient site.
- Many powerful empires had risen in ancient world history, one of which was the Nabatean Empire, which ruled the city of Petra for many years. Around 6th century BC Petra was developed by the Nabatean Empire into an influential economic and political capital.
- Petra was the most developed and economically strong country in the ancient world, far superior to any empire. The Roman Empire began to expand in about 106 AD, after which the Roman Empire occupied Petra in about 106 AD and the Romans continued to expand the city.
- An important center for trade and commerce, Petra continued to develop until a devastating earthquake destroyed the buildings, and the Muslims conquered Petra in the 6th century AD, but it held onto it for much longer Could not control.
- After this, when the Muslim Sultan Saladin of the Middle East conquered Petra in 1189 AD, the Christians abandoned that place. The first real excavation of this place was done in 1929 AD after the formation of Trans-Jordan.
- Since 1989, the place has become the largest tourist attraction in Jordan.
- It is believed that the city was founded around 312 BC. It is one of the oldest cities in the world. The city is said to be in the first century BC. Between 20,000 and 30,000 people have been inhabited since the first century CE, which was used as an important trading town. The civilization of this city is one of the largest civilizations in the world, covering about 264 square kilometers. It is spread over an area of about 810 meters and its height from the sea level.
The city is believed to have been the epicenter of a severe earthquake between the first century BCE to the 8th century AD, which was severely damaged by an earthquake in the year 363 AD, destroying half of the city due to this earthquake.
NOTE:– All the information provided in this article is based on the research on the internet and from different websites.