ABOUT CHICHEN ITZA
- Between 750 and 1200 CE, the place was rich in vast architecture. The sculpture here depicts themes of militarism and the imagination of jaguars, eagles, winged snakes.
- Chichen Itza is located at the northern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula of modern-day Mexico. It was an elusive city. Which was later influenced by the Toltec civilization.
- The base of this terraced pyramid is square and has staircases from all four sides leading to the temple. At the equinox of spring and autumn, when the sun rises and sets, this structure forms the shadow of a winged serpent to the west of the north stairway. Chichen Itza was one of the great Mesoamerican cities and is today one of the most popular tourist destinations in Mexico.
- The name Chichen Itza possibly derives from a large sinkhole known as the sacred cenote or ‘the mouth of the well of Itza’, the pre-Columbian Maya, for the worship of the Maya’s rain god Chalk in the Cenote with jade, gold and The bones were thrown into this well, which confirms human sacrifices. The early history of this site is still unclear but according to the scriptures (c. 250 – 900 CE) its colonization was definite.
- After the fall of Totihuacan, people living in different parts of Mesoamerica came to this place. Chichen Itza was the center of thriving trade through its Isla Cerritos port, which proved that goods were discovered from many places in Central America, for example, beryllium from the north, gold from the south, and from the Isthmas of Teentepec Lava, glass etc. Cocoa was cultivated there.
- The first phase of Chichen Itza has shown many ancient-related elusive traits. For example, the temple of three lintels has a chalk mask in each corner. Other structures include two smaller temples, one with a platform installed, known as the Red House and the Temple of Tenduye.
- There was a leopard-shaped throne, painted in red, and with inlaid jade on it. And there is a pyramid known as the tomb of the priest, which was named after the discovery of the tomb.
- Based on their internal walls, there are molded benches with craft panels for the teams of ball players. In one panel, a player is beheaded and seven streams of blood are coming out of his wound; Six of them become serpentine snakes and the middle stream becomes a winding plant.
- One of the most impressive monuments at this place is the Karakol Temple, which was constructed in 800 CE. It was used as an astronomical observatory. There was also a Kukulkan temple.
- The huge pyramids of Kukulkan, also known as Castillo (Castle), date to 1050 BC. Has been created before. The pyramid is 24 meters high, each side is 58–9 meters wide, and has a level of 9. On each side of the pyramid is a staircase leading to a minor square structure.
- At the equinox of spring and autumn, when the sun rises and sets, this structure forms the shadow of a winged snake to the west of the north stairway – Kukulkan, or Quetzalcoatl. On these two annual occasions, the shadow of these corners falls on the north side of the pyramid with the movement of the sun leading to the head of the serpent.
- The temple complex of warriors has huge terraced pyramids. Around which is a row of carved columns. On which the drawing of warriors is built. It is a three-tier pyramid and indicates some form of cultural contact between the two regions.
- One that is manufactured in Chichen Itza was constructed on a large scale. Between 800 and 1050 CE, parallel column-rows were made to look like carved warriors.
- The Great Ballcourt of Chichen Itza spans 146 m x 36 m in Mesoamerica. Archaeologists have unearthed several courts, including the Mesoamerican ballgame played in Chichen.
- It was constructed between 1050 and 1200 CE and is perpendicular to the court. Every high walls have carved rings with entangled snakes where the temple grounds end.
- Of all the monuments, Tjompantali is closest to the Mexican plateau. This monument, with a low, flat platform, is surrounded by carved figures of the human skull. Each side has a ladder to the top.
There are such panels on the side. On which are carved harpy eagles and jaguars that seem to devour the human heart. These were constructed in 1050–1200 CE. All these further indicate that human sacrifice was part of religious ceremonies at Chichen Itza.
NOTE:– All the information provided in this article is based on the research on the internet and from different websites.