ABOUT WAR BETWEEN ALEXANDER AND POROUS
- This story is 2000 years old. The most powerful empire in India then was Magadha. Was Alexander a great winner? This is told in the history books of the West written by the influence of Greece and the world accepts what the West says blindly. But from the perspective of Iranian and Chinese history, this image looks somewhat different.
- It is written in history that Alexander defeated Porus. Had it really happened, Alexander would have reached Magadha and the history of India would have been different. But the Greeks who wrote history turned Alexander’s defeat into Porus’s defeat. Iranian and Chinese descriptions and descriptions of Indian history should also be read to catch the lies of Greek historians. Greek historians wrote lies about Alexander, by doing so he saved the honor of his great warrior and country and made Alexander great all over the world. However you would like to know how, when, where and why the war took place. Also, who had won in the battle of Akhir?
- Alexander’s Invasion: Alexander was seated on the throne of Macedonia in Greece after his father’s death by killing his stepchildren and cousins. Due to his ambition he came to world victory. His special enmity was with the Iranians. Alexander defeated Darsi, the Persian king of Iran, and became known as the world conqueror. From here, his hunger increased. Sikandar is considered by the Iranian masterpiece ‘Shahnama’ to be just a foreign cruel prince, not great.
- First invasion of India: When Alexander advanced beyond Iran, he encountered small states along the Indian border. On reaching the Indian border, the valiant armies of the relatively small states of India, Ashwayan and Ashwakayan, on the mountainous borders, gave a fierce battle to Alexander’s forces in Kunat, Swat, Buner, Peshawar (Azka). In the state of Massaga (Matsyaraj) women even stood before him, But Yavni (Greeks), who were sly and deceived, attacked him in the night by pretending to the treaty in front of Matsyaraj and he cut off the entire kingdom, including children, the kingdom’s mother and children. He did the same in other small states. Suddenly attacked under the guise of friendship treaty and made many kings hostage. The innocent Indian king continued to be a victim of his tricks. Finally he attacked Gandhara-Taxila.
- Message of surrender sent to Porus: King Ambhi of Gandhara-Taxila gave him a grand welcome instead of fighting Alexander. Ambi did this because there was enmity with the same Porus and there was no one to help him on the other side. Ambhi, the king of Gandhara-Taxila, secretly assisted Alexander against Porus. Alexander sent a message to Porus in which he wrote to Porus surrendering to Alexander, but Porus was a great warrior, he refused Alexander’s subjugation and began preparing for war.
- Kingdom of Porus: The time of King Porus is believed to be from 340 BCE to 315 BCE. Purvanshi was the great empire of the great emperor Porus. Maharaja Porus was the owner of a very large tract including Sindh-Punjab. The kingdom of Porus was situated between the rivers Jehlum (Jhelum) and Chenab. In connection with Porus, mention is made in Mudrarakshas. Porus was noted for his bravery. He built his empire with the support of all those who accepted his leadership over the Khukrayan.
- When Sikandar came to Hindustan and had a conflict with Porus near Jehlum (Jhelum), Porus was well supported by the Khukraians. In this way Porus, himself a sub-caste of Sabharwal and a part of Khukrayan caste group, became their powerful leader. ‘ -IP Anand Thapar (A Crusaders Century: In Pursuit of Ethical Values / Published from KW Publications).
- The battle between Alexander and Porus is called the Greek ‘Battle of the Hydaspes’. This battle was founded in May 326 BC. Alexander’s army had 50 thousand foot soldiers, 7 thousand horsemen, while Porus had 20 thousand foot soldiers, 4 thousand horsemen, 4 thousand chariots and 130 elephants. Alexander, with his chosen army of 11 thousand men and Indian soldiers of Alexander’s army, went towards Jhelum.
- Historians believe that Puru had faith in his valor and his armies but that did not stop Alexander from crossing the Jhelum River and that was his mistake. But historians do not know that Alexander was badly trapped after this crossing of the river Jhelum, because the river was flooded after crossing the river.
- Alexander crossed the Jhelum with an army of greedy Ambi, an enemy of King Puru. Raja Puru whom the Yavni himself describes as above 7 feet, with his powerful Gajsena, broke on the Yavani army. Alexander and his soldiers were horrified by the terrible destruction of the Greeks by the army of Porus.
- Indians had the stubbornness of every citizen to kill a foreigner, powerful Gaj Sena and some unseen weapons like Satfuta spear so that a single soldier could kill many enemy soldiers and horsemen including horse. In this war, Alexander’s army got a fierce competition on the very first day. Many valiant soldiers of Alexander’s army were casualties. Despite being horrified by the Yavani chieftains, Alexander stood firm on his stubbornness and entered the battlefield between his special bodyguard and his inner defense unit. There could be no threat to any Indian commander being on elephants, the king is far away. King Puru’s brother Amar killed Alexander’s horse Bukifiles (Sanskrit-Bhavakapali) with his spear and dropped Alexander to the ground. The Greek army had never seen this happen during its entire war.
- When Alexander fell to the ground, King Puru stood in front with the sword. Sikandar was just a moment’s guest when Raja Puru shouted. This was not fear, rather it was the Kshatra Dharma of the Arya king, that no unarmed king should be killed like this. This tolerance was overshadowed for Porus. When Porus could understand something, Alexander’s bodyguards quickly picked him up and drove him away.
- The morale of Alexander’s army was also broken after this war and he refused to proceed for a new campaign. A revolt was brewing in the army, so Alexander decided to return. Logistics and help across the Jhelum was also beginning to decrease. Alexander’s army, which came to travel the mills, did not want to fight anymore. Many soldiers and horses were killed.
- In such a situation, Alexander and his army reached the mouth of the Indus river and turned west to go towards home. Alexander sent the army back by a new route to avoid resistance and himself went through the Indus River, which was small and safe. In India, there have been only two routes for enemies to enter from the north-west, in which the way of Indus was considered less dangerous.
- At that time, Alexander entered further into the craze, where his platoon suffered extensive damage. Having already suffered heavy losses, the Greek commander now understood that if the war went on, all the youths would be destroyed here. Finding this decision, Alexander ran back, but did not run away from where he had come and had to go through another dangerous path in which the ancient Kshatras or Jats resided.
- The region, whose eastern part was located in present-day Haryana and was called ‘Jat Pradesh’, soon after reaching this state, Sikandar faced Jat Veers (and Punjabi Veers in Sangal area) and most of his platoon was wiped out by Jats. Has done it. While running away, a Jat soldier threw a spear at Alexander, which crossed his thunderbolt. The incident took place near today’s Sonipat Nagar. In this attack, Alexander did not die immediately but instead went to Gandhara, the western border of the Jat region and flew his life. (Yavni historians wrote – Alexander died of disease in Babylon (modern-day Iraq)! – 326 BC).
- What the historian writes: Kartias writes that, ‘Alexander was staying on the other side of Jhelum. A part of Alexander’s army reached an island in the Jhelum River. Puru’s soldiers also swam to the island. He attacked the advance squad of Greek soldiers. Many Greek soldiers were killed. The remaining soldiers jumped into the river and drowned in it.
- Alexander, along with the rest of his army, reached 60 km upstream from Haranpur by boat in the night and crossed the river from there, there was a fierce battle. Puruga’s eldest son Veeragati was received in that war.
- Arian writes that ‘The Indian crown prince entered Alexander’s circle alone and wounded Alexander and killed his horse’ Buse Fellas’. It is also said that if the elephants of Puru were caught in the party, Kartias writes that ‘these animals had caused great terror. Alexander’s horses were not only afraid of their fierce screams, but were also running away. Horses also encountered an elephant for the first time. Seeing the giant elephants, they used to run away from him. In such a situation, Alexander now began to search for places where he could find refuge.
- In Barad, Alexander commanded an army equipped with small arms to deal with elephants. Irritated by this attack, elephants started crushing Alexander’s army in their feet. He further writes that ‘the most heart-wrenching scene was that this strong-bodied animal would capture the Greek soldiers from his trunk and hand it to his Mahavatha and he would immediately separate it from his head. Similarly, the whole day would end and the war would go on.
Similarly, the historian Deodorus writes that ‘elephants had immense power and proved to be extremely beneficial. He crushed a lot of Greek soldiers under his feet.
NOTE:– All the information provided in this article is based on the research on the internet and from different websites.